Northern Tablelands Express approaching Ardglen Tunnel

Northern Tablelands Express approaching Ardglen Tunnel
Click on the above photo to see the Main North Album at Flickr

Wednesday, July 28, 2010

30 MPH Max Speed "Matching" of ALL my Locos.


On my trip to U.S. in July 2011, where I saw about 20 "high tech" mostly DCC layouts and many home and exhibition layouts here in Sydney, I’ve observed that 99% of trains are run at speeds below 30 MPH. I wonder how many model railroaders operate their locos at their maximum prototype speeds.

My double deck “Main North” is located in a 30’ X 30’ area (approx). There are no long straight runs and many of the curves are 24 inch radius. This means operating at near prototype maximum speeds is impossible. Many trains require require double heading of locos. Rear end "banking" is necessary on the 60 foot climb to Ardglen and both operators need to run the two locos at approximately 10 MPH., "Speed Matching" of locos will help my Operators keep the locos/trains on the track and off the cement floor 5 feet (1500mm) below.

I have restricted (Speed Matched) the TOP speed of all of my locos to 30 MPH and this provides:

1. What I consider a better "finer" control of your locos. Full range of your locos (0 to 100%) is now 0 to 30 instead of 0 to 70 etc, where in most cases you only used "half" the range of the Throttle.

2. ALL locos, speed wise, operate the same making Banking or Double Heading, easier.

3. Adjusting your Speed Table or CVs 2, 5 and 6 to provide a LINEAR response, the display on my Procab now indicates the approximate Miles per Hour. That is at Speed Step 20 the loco is travelling at approximately 20 MPH as shown etc.

I have made a Speedo Car that makes Speed Matching your locos even easier, For my latest description on how to make a Speedo Car, see my Speedo Car Blog entry.

Without a Speedo Car, measuring the speed, nothing too technical - 36 inches of straight track, a Stopwatch and a Calculator like this one at:
http://www.modelbuildings.org/free-scale-speed-calculator.html
or
For 36" length of track - 10 Scale MPH takes 18 seconds and 30 Scale MPH takes 6 seconds.

Adjusting the decoder’s CV 5 will provide “close enough” speed matching. You may also need to adjust CV 6 to "half of" CV 5's value to make the speed curve" "linear". When reducing CV 5 and 6, the loco's "take off" may be affected so CV 2 may need re-adjusting to get a smooth jerk free take off.

Some decoders like my Soundtraxx DSD and Tsunamis do NOT support CV 5 and 6, see your applicable Manual. For theses I reduce the Top Speed by two methods:

1. Selecting a Speed Table in CV 25 and programming CV 66 (Forward) and CV 95 (Reverse), to less than 128 – lower the value, the slower the speed. See Tsunami Manual.
2. Selecting the “User Defined Speed Table” (CV 25 to 16) and making a Speed Table.

As with all my programming, I use Programming On the Main - POM. This method gives instant results  "out on the track" eliminating the necessity of returning to the Program Track, that's necessary when Speed Matching locos. NOTE: Contrary to what you may read on the Internet, using POM correctly no OTHER loco will be programmed. Just follow your Throttle "prompts", reading them all and go slowly.

For all of my programming, I use Decoder Pro downloaded free from the Internet and loaded into my Laptop that's connected to my NCE DCC system with the applicable Cable/Adapter. See the bottom of this page for the link for more details.

  1. Make a Decoder Definition if you don't already have one, for your desired loco.
  2. Select Speed Table Tab.
  3. TICK the "Use Speed Table".
  4. In the "Speed Table Selection" select "User Defined Speed Table".
  5. Place the cursor on the Slider for Speed Step 28 (CV 94) and drag down the Slider to about midway (120).
  6. Then select the "Match Ends" tab under the Table. This will adjust all the intermediate CVs to make a linear line "speed curve".
  7. Select the "Write Changes" Tab.
  8. Decoder Pro will program the appropriate CVs.
  9. Operate the loco at MAXIMUM Speed. For me this is Speed Step 28 when using 28 Speed Steps - NOT 28 out of 128.
  10. Repeat the above Steps 5 to 9 until the Speedo Car displays 30 MPH or your desired Top Speed. Without the Speedo Car, use the Stopwatch and Calculator from above. Note: For HO, the loco should take 6 seconds to travel the 36 inches for 30 MPHs etc.

Do this procedure to ALL of your locos and they’ll all run the same – speed wise, making double heading and banking, easier.

Fine Tuning the Soundtraxx Tsunamis

Tsunamis “out of the box” provide a too high slow speed and a noticeable jerk between the lower Speed Steps, when using 28 Speed Step Mode. Operation is better with 128 Speed Steps.
My Tsunami adjustments are based on what Bruce at Litchfield Station posted some years ago and a long discussion on Back EMF on the Soundtraxx Yahoo group during June/July2010.

For my above Max 30 MPH Speed Table, I need to use the 28 Speed Step Mode, I’ve fine tuned my Tsunami equipped locos for 1- 2 MPH speed at Speed Step 1 and smooth jerk free acceleration by adjusting a few of the motor performance CVs, using Bruce's following procedure:

  1. Program both CV 3 and 4 (Momentum), to “0"
  2. Program CV 209 to “10”
  3. Progressively increase CV 210, starting with “1”, until the loco moves, at Speed Step 1, albeit a little jerky.
  4. Program CV 209 increasing by 5 until the loco is smooths out.

Reducing CV 212 (default 255), will further slow down the loco.
Using 28 Speed Step mode with the Maximum Speed reduced to a 30 MPH, the voltage increment between Speed Steps is about 1/3 of the default Linear Table, so the jerkiness between Speed Steps has been all but eliminated.

Steam Chuff Rate or Diesel Notching Speed Steps, may need to be adjusted if you use the 30 MPH Max Speed Table. If this is a Diesel loco, then CV 116 would have been programmed to maybe “46” so the engine “Notches up every 14 Speed Steps”. Re-program CV 116 to “7” or “39”. For Steam, re-program CV 116 to “80” and then test for 4 Cuffs per wheel revolution at 10 MPH. May be time to use the Tsunami Manual or go on line to Soundtraxx at: http://www.soundtraxx.com/

When finished with adjusting the Tsunami, adjust CV 3 and 4 (Momentum) to your desired values.

If you have not used Decoder Pro for programming decoders, for details and what’s necessary, see: